Another casualty of ‘progress’: Ayoreo TB epidemic claims latest victim 28 October 2013

Chiri had suffered grave health problems after being forced from his forest home.
Chiri had suffered grave health problems after being forced from his forest home.
© Survival

Chiri Etacore, an Ayoreo-Totobiegosode man forced out of his forest home in the name of ‘progress’, has died from a lung disease. He is the latest victim of an epidemic of TB and similar diseases devastating Paraguay’s Ayoreo-Totobiegosode villages.

The Ayoreo are the indigenous inhabitants of northern Paraguay and Bolivia. Most have been forcibly contacted and settled, but some remain in the forest, avoiding contact with outsiders.

Chiri was one of a large group of Ayoreo captured in a ‘manhunt’ in 1986, an expedition assisted by the fundamentalist missionary organization New Tribes Mission.

The incident prompted global outrage, and a successful Survival International campaign to prevent any further missions to forcibly contact isolated Indians.

Chiri, like many other Ayoreo who have been forced out of the forest, suffered chronic lung disease ever since – a sign of the neglect of recently-contacted Ayoreo communities by Paraguay’s medical services.

Chiri worked tirelessly along with other members of the tribe to defend their ancestral land from an onslaught of colonists that have invaded their territory.

Ayoreo who remain uncontacted are being forced to flee from the colonists’ bulldozers that are destroying their last remaining island of forest for beef production.

Survival has written to Paraguay’s Ministry of Health asking it to prevent the needless deaths of Ayoreo Indians, and has called on ranching companies to immediately stop all work on Ayoreo land.


Share this news story


Act now to help the Ayoreo

  • Write a letter or email to Grupo San Jose asking it to hand back the Ayoreo’s land to its rightful owners.
  • Write a letter or email to the government of Paraguay asking it to demarcate the Ayoreo’s land in line with the country’s laws and treaties.
  • Donate to the Ayoreo campaign (and other Survival campaigns).


Get email updates from Survival:

Subscribe to our news feed:


or follow us on the web:

News archive