Background briefings

Why do they hide?


Many tribal people who are today ‘uncontacted’ are in fact the survivors (or survivors’ descendants) of past atrocities. These acts – massacres, disease epidemics, terrifying violence – are seared into their collective memory, and contact with the...

The most isolated tribe in the world?


In the days after the cataclysmic tsunami of 2004, as the full scale of the destruction and horror wreaked upon the islands of the Indian Ocean became apparent, the fate of the tribal peoples of the Andaman Islands remained a mystery.

Just for fun


In India’s Andaman Islands, during the 1970s and 80s the local administration arranged numerous trips to the isolated Jarawa and Sentinelese tribes with little thought to the devastating consequences these might have.

Making Contact


Although most invasions of uncontacted tribes’ lands are prompted by the desire of loggers, oil companies, cattle ranchers and so forth to take the tribes’ lands and resources, governments sometimes try to make contact for their own reasons.

FUNAI - National Indian Foundation (Brazil)


FUNAI, the National Indian Foundation, is the Brazilian government body that establishes and carries out policies relating to Indigenous peoples. FUNAI is responsible for mapping out and protecting lands traditionally inhabited and used by these c...

Dams


Dam construction is a menace to tribal peoples across the world. Once-stable river basins become flooded and river beds diverted as governments look for ways to increase electricity output. Local people usually suffer most, being forced off their ...

CO3


CO3 is a London-based ‘corporate social responsibility’ (CSR) consultancy which represents multinational corporations including mining company Vedanta Resources. Survival has called on CO3 to resign its account with Vedanta over the mining company...

Climate Change


Survival International is in the forefront of the fight against false and distracting solutions to climate change. Indigenous peoples and their rights must be at the heart of the environmental and climate movement.

Barefoot India, Andaman Islands


Barefoot is a travel company with resorts in the Andaman Islands. Its guests have apparently included Oscar-winning actress Kate Winslet. Barefoot opened a new resort close to the islands' Jarawa reserve, set up to protect the recently contacted J...

Anil Agarwal - Chairman of Vedanta Resources


Anil Agarwal, Chairman and founder of Vedanta Resources, has worked his way up from scrap-metal dealer to billionaire with a home in London’s Mayfair and another in Mumbai. The tricks to his trade have been to buy cheap second-hand industrial pl...

Vedanta Resources


Vedanta Resources, a British company, lost a battle to dig an open-pit bauxite mine on Niyamgiri mountain in India. The mine would have destroyed the forests on which the tribal Dongria Kondh people depend and wreck the lives of thousands of other...

Swine flu


Hundreds of thousands of people around the world are known to have contracted swine flu; more than a thousand have died from the virus. The WHO has declared a global flu pandemic. Tribal peoples are particularly vulnerable to swine flu. Those th...