Peru’s government is on the brink of approving the expansion of the highly controversial Camisea gas project into the land of uncontacted and isolated tribes – ignoring a recent UN recommendation to first carry out ‘extensive studies’ over the threats posed to the vulnerable Indians.
Peru’s Ministry of Culture has approved a plan to expand the $1.6 billion Camisea project – run by Argentina’s Pluspetrol, US’s Hunt Oil and Spain’s Repsol – once three minor conditions are met, raising fears that expansion is imminent.
Any contact with gas workers could introduce fatal diseases to the uncontacted Indians. When Shell carried out initial explorations in the area during the 1980s, half the Nahua tribe was wiped out following first contact with outsiders.
The expansion plan includes the detonation of thousands of explosive charges, and the drilling of exploratory wells using heavy equipment, and involving hundreds of workers. It would take place inside the Nahua-Nanti Reserve for uncontacted and isolated Indians.
James Anaya, the UN’s Special Rapporteur for the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, visited the region last month and warned, ‘The government and company should act with extreme caution and should not go ahead with the proposed expansion before first assuring conclusively that the (tribes’) human rights are not at threat’.
© A. Goldstein/Survival
Mr. Anaya further recommended that the government carry out ‘exhaustive studies (…) to ascertain the presence and conditions in which isolated or uncontacted tribes find themselves’.
But despite several visits to the area, the Peruvian Ministry of Culture, tasked with protecting the country’s indigenous peoples, has failed to carry out the necessary studies on the impact of Camisea’s expansion on uncontacted tribes, and at least three Ministers have resigned in protest at the plans.
Survival International has demanded a halt to any oil and gas work on the land of uncontacted tribes, and Survival supporters have sent more than 130,000 messages to Peru’s President Humala.
Survival’s Director Stephen Corry said today, ‘The Camisea expansion plan sets a chilling precedent. If Peru’s biggest gas project is allowed to operate in the middle of a reserve for uncontacted tribes, the laws the government has put in place to protect its indigenous peoples are rendered utterly meaningless. Why the rush to diminish the country’s resources at the cost of indigenous lives? Has Peru learned nothing from the bloody and shameful history of contact?’
Note to editors:
- Read the report by James Anaya, the UN’s Special Rapporteur for the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (in Spanish)